Sunset Yellow FCF

Picture of a Sunset

Sunset Yellow


Sunset Yellow FCF

Sunset yellow FCF, also known as yellow dye #6, is used to give foods an orange-yellow colour.

Description:

Sunset yellow is looks like an orange-red powder.1 It is another azo dye, similar to tartrazine, and allura red. An azo dye is a chemical compound where two hydrocarbon groups are joined by two nitrogen atoms. The letters azo are derived from the french word for nitrogen, azote.

Azo dyes account for roughly 60 to 70% of all dyes used in the food and textile industries.2 The reason they are so popular is that azo dyes are cheap to produce and are more stable than most natural food dyes.

If you’re interested in the scientific chemical name, it is Disodium 6-hydroxy-5-(4-sulfonatophenylazo)-2-naphthalene-sulfonate.  (Sunset yellow is much easier to pronounce).

The chemical formula is C16H10N2Na2O7S2

Common Uses:

Sunset Yellow FCF is used in many different types of products, ranging from soft drinks to candies and snack foods. Specific products include:

If you have other examples of products that contain tartrazine, let me know by leaving a comment.

Health Issues / Side Effects:

There have been reports that Sunset Yellow may cause allergic or intolerance reactions in certain people, particularly those with a pre-existing sensitivity to aspirin.  Other reports have linked it to increases in tumours, however, a review by the World Health Organization found no evidence of this (in either short or long term studies).3
If you have had personal experience with a tartrazine allergy, please leave us a comment.

E Number:

The E number for Sunset Yellow is 110. Other yellow dyes include tumeric/curcumin (E 100), riboflavin (E 101), tartrazine (E 102), and quinoline yellow (E 104).

Notes:

So what does FCF stand for?

I’ve puzzled over that for a while. None of my sources seemed to provide an answer. Instead, there were just references to “Sunset Yellow FCF”.
It turns out that the answer might be very simple:
FCF = For Colouring Food

Sources

  1. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  2. Azo Dyes – www.food-info.net
  3. University of Guelph Food Safety Network

Further Reading

Canadian Food Additive Dictionary

FDA Food Additive Status List

UK Foods Standards Agency, Approved Food Additives

Food Standards – Australia and New Zealand

 

 

One thought on “Sunset Yellow FCF

  1. I am very interested in your informatin regarding Sunset Yellow E110. Ten years ago I identified it as the additive that triggered a very bad allergic reaction in me. The symptoms are: runny nose (clear), then sinuses mucous becomes infected. This leads to a very bad congestion which only cortisone and antibiotics can help reduce the discomfort of. I end up being sick for up to three/four weeks. In South Africa our labelling is very poor and whereas in other countries these colours are banned, not so here. Shopping and eating is very problematic for me. The tragedy is that my daughter, aged 33 has just become a victim of this dreadful reaction. She is still sick (and desperate) after 4 weeks and three lots of antibiotics. I would dearly like to find someone who understands how to clear one’s system from this reaction in the shortest possible time. The drug FACTIVE worked fairly quickly,with the aid of Prednisone.
    Regards,
    Debbie

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